Life story of Chatrapati Shivaji Maharaj.

Chatrapati shivaji turned into the famous maratha king who had the utmost braveness to face in opposition to the widespread ocean of mughal rule, single-handedly.

Even though his unique name changed into shivaji bhosle, his topics lovingly gave him the name of ‘chatrapati’ or the ‘leader of the kshatriyas’ for his undaunted capacity to guard all of them.

Born on 19th february 1680 on the shivneri fort to a valiant maratha regent shahaji raje and a committed mom jijabai, shivaji was a descendent of the 96 maratha clans who have been well referred to as courageous warring parties or ‘kshatriyas’.

Let’s discuss the life story of this great Indian Maratha.

 

Full Name -Shivaji Bhosale

Born -February 19 at Shivneri Fort near Pune (India)

Died – April 3, 1680 at Raigad Fort, Pune

Era of Kingdom– 1674-1680 CE

Successor-Sambhaji

Father – Shahaji Bhosale

Mother-Jijabai

Step-brother: Ekoji I

Sons: Sambhaji Bhosale, Rajaram Bhosale

Daughters: Sakhubai Nimbalkar, Ranubai Jadhav, Ambikabai Mahadik, Rajkumaribai Shirke.

Wives: Soyarabai, Putalabai, Sakvarbai, Kashibai

Education:

As stated by means of tarikh-i-shivaji, shivaji was trained by dadoji konddeo, a relied on friend. Shivaji quickly became an excellent warrior in addition to a professional horse-rider.

Shivaji was also trained in martial arts by using kanhoji jedhe and baji pasalkar, the military commanders. He learnt fighting with swords by means of gomaji naik pansambal.

Fight with afzal khan:

In 1659, afzal khan, an skilled and veteran popular, become sent to damage shivaji .

With the intention to drag shivaji to the battleground in which shivaji will be attacked by means of the bijapuri army, afzal khan deconsecrated hindu temples at tuljapur and pandharpur.

However, shivaji requested afzal khan in a letter to meet for negotiation.

In the conflict, afzal khan turned into critically injured by way of shivaji’s navy, followed through an assault at the bijapuris by the hidden army of shivaji.

Shivaji’s  Struggle of pratapgarh:

 

On november 10, 1659, forces of shivaji defeated the forces of the bijapur sultanate in the battle of pratapgarh.

The bijapur military misplaced greater than 3,000 squaddies. Also, two sons of afzal khan have been imprisioned.

Shivaji’s Struggle of kolhapur:

 

On december 28, 1659, shivaji attacked the bijapuri forces near kolhapur and defeated them.
Conflict with the mughals after the officers of shivaji raided the mughal territory in march 1657 close to ahmednagar, the struggle among shivaji and the mughals began. Followed by using raids in junnar, all through which shivaji collected three hundred,000 hun in coins and 200 horses. In reaction, aurangzeb sent nasiri khan, who successively defeated the forces of shivaji at ahmednagar.

War of chakan:

The war of chakan, fought between the mughal empire and the maratha empire, occurred in 1660. Aurangzeb ordered shaista khan to attack shivaji together with his navy of a hundred and fifty,000. At the give up, pune and the fort of chakan were captured by means of the mughals.

However, later the marathas have been able to re-capture the castle, and shaista khan back to agra.
Treaty of purandar (1665) on june eleven, 1665, the treaty of purandar was signed between the rajput ruler jai singh i, the commander of the mughal empire, and chhatrapati shivaji maharaj. Jai singh circumvented the purandar fortress and shivaji had to sign an settlement.
Arrest in agra and get away in 1666, shivaji was invited to agra by means of aurangzeb. Aurangzeb wanted shivaji to go to kandahar to consolidate the northwestern frontier of mughal empire.

However, shivaji felt humiliated and left the courtroom. As a result shivaji turned into arrested. Shivaji deliberate his get away as he came to understand that aurangzeb had planned to get him killed.

Conflict of nesari:

In 1674, prataprao gujar, the then commander-in-leader of the marathas, defeated the adilshahi fashionable bahlol khan and his forces in the war. Prataprao’s forces had reduce off their water supply, due to which bahlol khan decided to do so for peace. Later, prataprao released bahlol khan despite shivaji’s warnings.

Conquest in southern india:

In 1674, the marathas raided khandesh in october, captured bijapuri phonda in april 1675, karwar in mid-yr, and kolhapur in july. In november, a combat took place between the maratha navy and the siddis of janjira. In early 1676, peshwa pingale battled in opposition to the raja of ramnagar. In march 1676, athani became raided by way of shivaji and later in the 12 months belgaum and vayem rayim had been additionally besieged by way of him. At the stop of 1676, the adilshahi forts at vellore and gingee were captured by shivaji.

Dying and succession:

Shivaji died around april 5, 1680 on the age of fifty two due to fever and dysentery. Quickly after his loss of life, numerous rumours observed about the cause of his dying. On the one hand, the muslims held the opinoin that shivaji had died of a curse from jan muhammad of jalna, whereas some marathas believed that soyarabai, his second spouse, had killed him by giving him poison as she wanted rajaram, her 10-year-old son, to be enthroned.

Forts:

By the time his career turned into about to descend, shivaji had captured 360 forts, such as the critical forts at kondana (sinhagad), torana, murambdev, and purandar. A few new forts have been additionally constructed through shivaji.

Military of Chatrapati Shivaji:

 

With the intention to protect the lands and sea change from the british, abyssinians, pirates, arabs and portuguese and shivaji uilt a strong naval pressure. He additionally built a number of sea forts and bases for the cause of storage and safe haven.

 

This is the life story of Chatrapati Shivaji Maharaj.

Keep sharing !

 

Why Chatrapati Shivaji Maharaj is the greatest Maratha of India ?

With the Construction of Shivaji Smarak in Mumbai, we should know why this mahartha deserve this Honor.

The tallest statue ever of Chatrapati Shivaji Maharaj in the world.

Shivaji was a secular king.

Shivaji was known to be a secular ruler and never discriminated among Hindus and Muslims.

He had a large number of Muslims in his army. He wanted to overthrow the Mughal rule to create a Maratha empire.

Lots of shivaji’s generals were muslim, who still celebrated in this location, through folk songs and folks stories.

He reputed every religion with out compromising his faith. He usually supported accurate things of hindu faith and opposed awful things.

List of Muslim warriors and their role in Shivaji Maharaja Empire.

  • Daryadarang – Navy Chief.
  • Ibrahim Khan – Artillery Chief.
  • Daulat Khan -Armour Chief.
  • Siddhi Hilal- Muslim chief
  • Kazi Hyder- Secretary.
  • Siddi Ibrahim-Bodyguard of King Shivaji.
  • Madari Mehtar -Shivajis Royal Servant.
  • The strength of the cavalry was 150000, out of which about 66000 troopers were Muslims.

He captured his first fort Tornagad when he was just 16-years-old.

Shivaji was strategical fighter

He was a strategic military commander and established a navy to protect the coastline.

He was first ruler to introduce the navy army.

Shivaji was supporter of Womens.

He was the great supporters of womens.

And protected all the women in his empire. During his rule, there were punishment for people harming the womens in his empire.

Shivaji Maharaj was a very brave warrior and conscious personality.

He escaped an attack by Afzal Khan.

Afzal Khan had called Shivaji for negotiations but he  had planned to kill him.

But Chatrapati Shivaji had worn an armour inside which saved his life.

He also defeated the Shayista Khan who was sent by Aurangzeb to kill all Hindus.

Shivaji was the Father of guerilla warfare tactics to his army.

But, Shivaji was imprisoned by Mughal king Aurangzeb and lost many of his forts.

But Shivaji Maharaj fought back to get his empire.

When Shivaji was only 15 he bribed Inayat Khan. He bribed many people to get fort without war and increase his Maratha Empire.

He went on conquering by various strategies to capture many significant forts in the 17th century.

He also built around around 20 forts.

At the very young age he started to build his own empire.

Chatrapati Shivaji Maharaj introduced Swarajya.

Maharashtra for a huge component is dry and barren. Sure, it’s far rich and rich now, however that is largely because of contemporary agriculture and heavy industrialization.

Lower back inside the medieval instances when neither existed, the location was in large part terrible, with a huge population of terrible and marginal farmers, small-time artisans and warring sardars who served below surrounding muslims rulers.

Maximum of the prosperity of the devagiri empire became destroyed by the muslim rulers, and the vicinity become reduced to a state of utter poverty and hopelessness.

It became in these times that shivaji pulled up the people and infused energy and self-appreciate in them.

He stepped forward social and financial conditions in his small country and placed them back on the route to prosperity.

Shivaji gave them the confidence for Swarajya, self-rule, and told them that it was the fine and most effective manner to obtain and keep prosperity and development.

He conquered over the strongest Mugal empire by defeating them.

When Shivaji Maharaj defeated Mughals in the battle of Salher 1672.

It was the first time that a Hindu king defeated a Muslim King in an open battle!

This great personality was a tough leader to be fought upon.

That’s why, it’s a proud thing for Mahartha to get their king Chatrapati Shivaji statue as a respect in Mumbai.

Why Shiv Smarak is considered as the tallest statue ?

On December 24, Prime Minister Narendra Modi Inaugurated the Shivaji Samarak in the presence onany political leaders.

So, why is this statue the largest and tallest in the world ?

Let’s compare it with the tallest statue ever built in the world.

1. Spring Temple Buddha, China.

It is the tallest statue in the world which is 153 meter of height, located in Henan, China.

The Construction of this statue Start ed in 1997 and it took 12 years to complete it Construction as the statue was completed in the year 2008.

Whereas the shiv samarak will take only three and half years to complete it Construction.

Also, it is 47 meter taller than the spring Temple Buddha.

It was estimated $55 million for the construction of Spring temple Buddha.

2. Laykyun Setkyar, Myanmar.

This statue have height of 116 meter, situated in Monywa, Myanmar.

The construction of Laykyun Setkyar started in 1996 and took above 12 years to complete it’s Construction.

It was completed in the year 2008.

Compared to the Chatrapati Shivaji Memorial, statue it is 74 metre shorter.

3. Ushiku Daibutsu, Japan

The great Buddha statue have height of 110 meter without measuring 10 meter tall base.

This Buddha statue is completely made up of Bronze.

Compared to the Chatrapati Shivaji Memorial located in Mumbai, it is 80 metre shorter in height.

4. Guan Yin, Japan.

The statue of Guan Yin, Buddhist Goddess of compassion in China.

The height of this statue is 108 meter.

This statue have three different faces.

It took around 6 years for the completion of this statue of goddess.

The Chatrapati Shivji samrak is 82 metre taller than this Saturday located in China. Thereby, breaking all the record in the world.

5. Sendai Daikannan, Japan.

Sendai Daikannan is the 100 meter tall statue located in Sendai, Japan.

The Statue represent Japanese Buddhist statue.

Compared to the Chatrapati Shivaji Memorial it is a approximately 90 metre shorter than this statue.

And also the time of Construction is only about 4 years.

6. Peter the Great statue, Russia.

This statue was built within the memory of russian emperor peter i, who ruled the U.S for 43 years.

The ninety eight meter tall peter the exquisite statue going through moskva river in moscow metropolis.

The statue turned into designed by means of the georgian fashion designer zurab tsereteli, used six hundred tons of stainless steel and bronze.

The Construction of this statue was completed in 1997.

The shiv smarak is 92 metre taller than this statue.

Wow.!

7. Great Buddha of Thailand, Thailand.

Great Buddha of Thailand is the measuring height of 92 meter.

The construction of this statue started in 1990 and completed in 2008.

It took complete 18 years to complete it’s complete.
The statue is made of cement and covered with golden paint.

The Chatrapati Shivaji Memorial stand taller than this statue by 98 metre.

8. Statue of Liberty, USA.

Total overall height from the base of the pedestal foundation to the tip of the torch is 305 feet. That is the height of this statue is 93 metre.

The Statue has a 35-foot area covered.

Total weight of the Statue of Liberty is 450,000 pounds.

So, Compared to the Chatrapati Shivaji Memorial, it is 97 metre shorter.

Proud moment ?

Yes it is!

Keep sharing this tallest statue of Chatrapati Shivaji Maharaj.